A biblical theology of guidance allows for two categories of means by which God directs His children: objective and subjective. There is one objective means of guidance and four subjective.
ONE OBJECTIVE MEANS OF GUIDANCE
The one objective, unchanging standard of guidance for the believer in Christ is the written Word of God, the Scriptures. This is the primary means by which a Christian determines the will of God. The psalmist declares his assurance, “Your word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path” (Ps 119:105). The Scriptures are sufficient for our growth and maturity in Christ: “All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness; so that the man of God may be adequate, equipped for every good work” (2 Tim 3:16-17). And Jesus made it clear that the Spirit of God would guide us in our understanding of the Word. “But when He, the Spirit of truth, comes, He will guide you into all the truth; for He will not speak on His own initiative, but whatever He hears, He will speak; and He will disclose to you what is to come” (Jn 16:13). Jesus then equated this “truth” with the Word of God in the next chapter, “Sanctify them in the truth; Your word is truth” (Jn 17:17). As believers, we can never have greater confidence than when we align our lives with the written revelation of God. Scripture is the mind of God in written form (1 Cor 2:10-16). Therefore, when we align our mind with His mind we are assured of God’s clear guidance.